Annual influenza vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza and its complications. The influenza virus spreads from an infected person before the onset of symptoms, which makes it difficult to stop the virus from spreading rapidly among staff.
The composition of the influenza vaccine is changed every year according to the results of the World Health Organization's surveillance of influenza viruses, and it is recommended that a new dose of the vaccine be administered before a new outbreak occurs.
The best time to vaccinate is October or November, but it is possible to get vaccinated later throughout the influenza season.
In the absence of contraindications, vaccination is recommended for all people who care about their health and are at least six months old.
Vaccination is contraindicated in people with hypersensitivity to eggs or other components of the vaccine and in people with acute febrile illness.
We definitely recommend vaccination to the following risk groups:
- Persons aged 65 and over;
- Persons suffering from anaemia or chronic disease of the lungs, heart, kidneys or metabolism (primarily diabetes);
- Immunocompromised patients, including patients treated with immunosuppressive agents and HIV-positive patients;
- Pregnant women who are in their second or third trimester of pregnancy during an epidemic or a period of increased incidence of influenza;
- Patients with chronic illnesses in nursing homes and long-term care hospitals;
- Occupationally endangered persons (health care professionals, care workers, waiters, etc.);
- Individuals who may spread the virus to a high-risk group.
The most common symptoms of influenza are high fever, sore throat, cough and runny nose. Other possible symptoms include limb pain, headache, chills and fatigue. Vomiting and diarrhoea may also occur as well as abdominal pain in children
Recommendations for good health behaviour during the influenza season:
- Avoid close contact.
Avoid close contact with a sick person. When you are ill, avoid contact with other people so that they do not fall ill.
- When you are ill, stay home.
If possible, stay away from work when you are ill. This will prevent you from infecting others.
- Cover your mouth and nose.
When sneezing or coughing, cover your mouth and nose with a paper towel and put it in the trash bin immediately after use. If necessary, cover your mouth and nose with a sleeve. This will prevent you from infecting others around you.
- Wash your hands.
Frequent hand washing protects you and your loved ones from viruses.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
Germs often spread when you touch objects covered with germs and then touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
- Live healthily.
Get enough sleep, be physically active, keep stress under control, drink enough fluids and eat nutritious food.